Indubitably, during the recent election, one of the major rallying points of Tea Party aligned voters was the US Constitution and its interpretation. Indeed, although the Tea Party started out as primarily a revolt against perceived spending policies of the Obama Administration and the Democratic controlled Congress (for example, the Affordable Health Care for America Act and the Troubled Assets Relief Program I and II ) during a troubled economy,interpretation of the Constitution has become a point of particular interest to many of those who consider themselves to be members, or supporters, of the Tea Party. Within that group can be found different veins of thought, including those who support nullification of federal laws through state action, devoted readers of Cleon Skousen’s “5000 Year Leap,” and, of course, Glenn Beck. (And by mentioning any of them here, I do not mean to disparage them or diminish, but merely to observe they are out there).
What has been increasingly interesting to me has been the opinion by many of these same people that the Constitution itself needs to be amended. Joe Pyrah, a reporter for the Daily Herald in Provo, Utah, recently (read: “today”) noted on in a blog post at the Sausage Grinder that “it’s clear that lawmakers who hold up the Constitution as the document we most need to get back to aren’t entirely happy with it.” He was speaking, of course, about the myriad of bills proposed by Utah legislators that deal with editing amending the Constitution. Among them that he noted:
- Joint Resolution Urging Congress to Call a Constitutional Convention on the Process for Repeal of Federal Laws
- Joint Resolution Applying for an Article V Amendments Convention
- Joint Resolution Urging Congress to Repeal the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
- Joint Resolution Urging Congress to Repeal the 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution
- Concurrent Resolution Urging Congress to Pass Balanced Budget Amendment to U.S. Constitution
Is it strange, and a little hypocritical, that the same people who are calling on Congress to follow the Constitution in the passage of laws are the same who are calling on Congress to amend the Constitution. There was great outcry when the health care reform act was passed, and while there are arguments that it was marginally constitutional, it did not help that its proponents dismissed the constitutional questions. You recall the press conference when Speaker Nancy Pelosi was asked what part of the Constitution allowed Congress to mandate health care–she scoffed, an act sure only to raise opponents ire, not support.
At the root of the assumptions about Tea Party supporters–often even calling themselves “Constitutionalists”–is the belief that Tea Partiers believe that the Constitution is a sacred document, something sprung out of the heads of the Founding Fathers much the same as Athena sprang from Zeus’ head.
Contrary to popular opinion, however, the Founders were not a monolithic group of individuals sharing a common interpretation of how the American government should work. In fact, they were a bickering bunch of politicians, albeit brilliant ones, who recognized the mutual benefit of uniting their thirteen states in a federated union. Federalism, the result of their compromises in 1989, is a unique American model that is unmatched elsewhere in the world, before or since.
Among the compromises agreed upon in the Constitution is the ability to amend that document. It was well understood that society would changed, the nation would grow, and that there were problems that the Founders just did not want to deal with. Most notable among the these issues were the rights added during the first Congress and known today as the Bill of Rights. Also notable were issues like slavery and the right of all to vote. While there were those amongst the drafters who believed these things were important, the issues became a block to the compromise necessary to establish a “more perfect union.” It wasn’t a perfect union; just more perfect one.
And today, neither Tea Party supporters nor their detractors believe that the Constitution is perfect. In fact, the place they diverge most often is in their policy arguments, not in their Constitutional interpretation. However, when policy arguments fail, it is to the document that we turn. When there are problems that need resolving, we evaluate whether their are sufficiently grave that the Constitution guide them and control the resolution of those problems.
For example, let’s take from above one of the resolutions proposed before the Utah legislature, that one “Urging Congress to Call a Constitutional Convention on the Process for Repeal of Federal Laws.” At first glance, this one appears to be the same as that recommended and sponsored in a bill before Congress by Utah’s Rep. Rob Bishop. (see “Amending the Constitution? A BFD”) Written almost simplistically, the purpose of this bill is to strengthen the principles of the 10th Amendment by allowing states more of a say in what the federal government does. Up until the 17th Amendment, Senators were selected by state legislators and were therefore more responsive to the dictates of elected state leaders, those tasked with managing a state’s government. Since the 17th Amendment, however, Senators have been elected directly by the people of the state. The argument goes that because voters are less aware and less responsive to the needs of the state as a whole, Senators are no longer responsive to the state in the manner they were previously. It’s a republic versus democracy type argument; one side wants the Senate, and Senators, closer to the state as an entity and the other side wants the Senate to be responsive to the people directly. With the proposed amendment, the Constitution would be amended to create a process that would put states back at the negotiating table, a chance to give their say about federal laws. In short, it shifts some of the balance of power towards the states. (And, by way of apropos, the convention is limited to just that question in order to prevent the entire Constitution from being rewritten).
Whether or not their a big enough deal to amend the Constitution, though, is another debate entirely…because amending the Constitution is B.F.D.
- Loving The Constitution To Death (plastic.com)
- Amending the Constitution? A B.F.D. (lawafterthebar.wordpress.com)
- Do we need a “repeal amendment”? (hotair.com)
- Should the Constitution be amended to empower the states, by a 2/3 vote, to repeal provisions of federal law? (althouse.blogspot.com)
- Conservatives To Push For Constitutional Amendment That States Can Supercede Federal Laws (alan.com)