August 22, 2014

Own an Android? An iPhone? Google & Apple may be tracking you.

Scarier than the government: Is Steve Jobs the real "big brother" that is watching you?

In fact, no maybe about it. They are.

It’s scary to think, but there it is, in the Wall Street Journal:

Google and Apple are gathering location information as part of their race to build massive databases capable of pinpointing people’s locations via their cellphones. These databases could help them tap the $2.9 billion market for location-based services—expected to rise to $8.3 billion in 2014, according to research firm Gartner Inc.

In the case of Google, according to new research by security analyst Samy Kamkar, an HTC Android phone collected its location every few seconds and transmitted the data to Google at least several times an hour. It also transmitted the name, location and signal strength of any nearby Wi-Fi networks, as well as a unique phone identifier.

Google declined to comment on the findings.

via Apple, Google Send Cellphone Location – WSJ.com.

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Language we use: “You Are What You Speak”

doublethink

Image by duncan via Flickr

One of the first warnings I received in  law school was to not pick over the language and grammar of ‘mere mortals.’ In other words, non-lawyers. It won’t win you friends, they said.

Nor will it endear you to your spouse.

Sure enough, it didn’t take a month before I caught myself saying something  to my wife along the lines of  “What do you mean by when you say ‘that thing?’” Her response was an exasperated throwing of her hands in the air, a dirty look, and a quick end to the conversation.

Yes, for better or for worse, lawyers tend to be language and grammar sticklers, for using the right words, and especially when the language is in the opposing party’s motions or drafts. It is not without good reason. It makes a difference in how and what you say to the judge.

Language matters, but not just to lawyers. We all communicate, and even if interpersonal communications include the non-verbal, a lot of it is what we say and what we write. It’s supposed to convey our thoughts. If we cannot do it well–use the right words and use them the right way–then we will fail to communicate effectively.

So, when I ran into an interview on language and the mind, I was immediately interested. What we think and how we think is crucial to how we interact and what we believe, I thought. But perhaps it is not as simple as that.

In the interview,  Robert Lane Greene acknowledges the perception–perhaps wrongly held–that language significantly affects what people think and believe. It’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Newspeak type stuff. It does, but not as much as we believed in the past.

 A lot of those misconceptions have to do with language and cognition, i.e. language and the brain. For example, a lot of people believe that the language that you speak alters your thought in really profound and deep ways. It’s one of the most common themes of the 20th century, and it came from a couple of linguists working early in the century. Since then you have people who will come up and tell you, with a totally straight face: ‘These people have no word for x so they can’t think about it.’ This really informed George Orwell in 1984: in the Newspeak language, if you got rid of words like ‘freedom’, those words would become, as Orwell put it, literally unthinkable.

Just because a word does not perfectly translate from one language to the next does not mean the concept does not exist. On the contrary. Greene goes on:

But now some pretty clever researchers are finding out ways where different languages really do influence how we think. The effects are a lot more subtle. They’re very interesting, but they’re not as dramatic or as romantic as the early versions.

For example, the gendered noun. Anyone who has studied a romance language (French, Spanish, Italian or Romanian, among others) knows that words in those languages have gender, as do German words.

Germans describe a key as rigid and hard and strong. That’s because it’s masculine in German. Spaniards will describe a key as feminine, as gold and tiny and beautiful, because it’s feminine in Spanish.

But do the rules matter? Or is grammar arbitrary?  When my friend complains about the use of “Fail,” is he justified, or is he fighting a losing battle? Is language more flexible than that?

Most grammar grouches have a fairly authoritarian approach to language. They have this idea that somewhere, somehow, there is somebody making rules, or that there are just hard and fast rules that have to be enforced, and people humiliated out of violating them.

But it’s more instinctual than that:

It turns out that you know all these rules but you don’t even know that you know them. They are your internal language processing device. And to study that is much more fascinating than whether or not you should begin a sentence with ‘however’, which some people think you shouldn’t be able to do.

It’s a great article/interview, and it references some great looking books, at least one of which I know I’ll be picking up in the near term. Check it out, and watch how you use language–there’s more to it than you think.

In the meantime, my wife still refers to “things” and I still, occasionally, ask “which ‘things?’” We’re working on it.

Mitt Romney has an Onion problem.

Mitt Romney, candidate for President, is often accused of having a “healthcare” problem.

The latest media outlet to question his healthcare policies while he was governor of Massachusetts is the Onion. In an interview there, he said he was sorry.

“Every day I am haunted by the fact that I gave impoverished Massachusetts citizens a chance to receive health care,” Romney told reporters Wednesday, adding that he feels ashamed whenever he looks back at how he forged bipartisan support to help uninsured Americans afford medicine to cure their illnesses. “I’m only human, and I’ve made mistakes. None bigger, of course, than helping cancer patients receive chemotherapy treatments and making sure that those suffering from pediatric AIDS could obtain medications, but that’s my cross to bear.”

“My hope is that Republican voters will one day forgive me for making it easier for sick people—especially low-income sick people—to go to the hospital and see a doctor,” Romney added. “It was wrong, and I’m sorry.”

We’ll see what the voters think. For now, I’m withholding judgment.

(FYI: The Onion is faux news, also known as satire).

H/t to Audrey Perry.